Publications and other Media

Publications and other Media

This page shows published reports and other media related to CoViD-19 Impact Lab and the data listed under Datasets.

Reports & Research Articles

Research Article (August 2020): Labour Supply during Lockdown and a “New Normal”: The Case of the Netherlands

Gaudecker, H. M. V., Holler, R., Janys, L., Siflinger, B. M., & Zimpelmann, C. (2020). Labour Supply during Lockdown and a “New Normal”: The Case of the Netherlands (No. 13623). Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

Abstract We document the evolution of hours of work using monthly data from February to June 2020. During this period, the Netherlands experienced a quick spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, enacted a lockdown for a period of six weeks and gradually opened thereafter. We show that during lock-down, substitutability between work from home and at the workplace or essential worker status are key to maintain a large fraction of pre-crisis hours of work. These pandemic-specific mechanisms become much less important as social distancing restrictions are eased in May and June. Labor supply recovers quickly in sectors affected heavily during lockdown, but goes down in other areas of the economy. The latter is unlikely caused by pandemic-induced supply changes; diminished demand is a more plausible explanation. Analyzing take-up of economic support programs, we find suggestive evidence that wage subsidies and other programs helped limit the early-stage impact of the crisis along the extensive margin.

Research Article (April 2020): Labour Supply in the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Empirical Evidence on Hours, Home Office, and Expectations

Gaudecker, H. M. V., Holler, R., Janys, L., Siflinger, B. M., & Zimpelmann, C. (2020). Labour Supply in the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Empirical Evidence on Hours, Home Office, and Expectations (No. 13158). Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

Press Releases:

  • Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). (2020, April 17). Low-income earners suffer most from the COVID-19 crisis - Having the option to work from home is largely a matter of education. [Press Release]. (link) (EN)

  • ECONribute. (2020, April 17). Econtribute Studie – Coronavirus: Geringverdiener Sind Doppelte Verlierer Der Coronakrise. [Press Release]. (link) (DE)

  • Tilburg University. (2020, April 21). Lage inkomens lijden het meest onder de coronacrisis [Press Release]. (link) (NL)

Abstract Using a survey module administered in late March 2020, we analyze how working hours change under the social distancing regulations enacted to fight the CoViD-19 pandemic. We study the Netherlands, which are a prototypical Western European country, both in terms of its welfare system and its response to the pandemic. We show that total hours decline and more so for the self-employed and those with lower educational degrees. The education gradient appears because workers with a tertiary degree work a much higher number of hours from home. The strength of this effect is dampened by the government defining some workers to be essential for the working of the economy. Across sectors, we show that there are two clusters: One dominated by office-type occupations with high shares of academics, home-office hours, and low fractions of essential workers; and one where manual tasks and social interactions are prevalent with low shares of academics, home office hours, and often high shares of essential workers. Short-term expectations show that workers expect current patterns to prevail and that they expect a lot from government support schemes. In particular, many workers expect to keep their jobs in early June due to government support and the expected unemployment response is far lower than in the U.S. or the U.K.

Reports in Cooperation with CPB

1. Arbeidsmarkt: sterke daling gewerkte uren

Jongen, E., Ebregt, J., Scheer, B., & Gaudecker, H. M. V.. (2020). Arbeidsmarkt: sterke daling gewerkte uren. CPB coronapublicatie.

Press Release:

  • Centraal Planbureau, CPB. (2020, May 14). Historische daling gewerkte uren. [Press Release]. (link) (NL)

2. Arbeidsmarkt: Historische daling werkzame personen, maar internationaal gezien beperkt

Jongen, E., Ebregt, J., Verstraten, P., & Siflinger, B. (2020). Arbeidsmarkt: Historische daling werkzame personen, maar internationaal gezien beperkt. CPB coronapublicatie.

Press Release:

  • Centraal Planbureau, CPB. (2020, June 12). Historische daling aantal werkenden is internationaal gezien beperkt: samenhang met beleid. [Press Release]. (link) (NL)


Blogposts, Articles, and other Media

  • Article by General-Anzeiger Bonn: Forscher aus Bonn untersucht Wirtschaft unter Corona: Lockerheit und Lockdown in den Niederlanden (link) (July 1, 2020) (DE)

  • Article by DNBulletin: Dutch consumers expect to be hit long-term by economic crisis due to coronavirus outbreak (link) (May 18, 2020)

  • Blogpost by Ingo Isphoring & Maria Balgova: Support for curfew depends on beliefs about others’ compliance - Young males are more likely to disobey (download) (April 2020)

  • Data Exploration Tool: Explore What People Believe and Do in Response to CoViD-19 (link) (April 2020)